Malignant Mesothelioma is a cancer that starts in Cells in which when the body is exposed to asbestos fibers it causes mutation in the genes and it leads to the rapid growth and metastasis of the cells to the surrounding organs.This Malignant Mesothelioma is a rare form of Cancer affects the thin cell wall lining of the body’s internal organs and structures it affects mostly the lung
Etiology or risk factors of all forms of mesothelioma is strongly associated with industrial pollutants, of which asbestos is the principal carcinogen. Malignant Mesothelioma is an insidious neoplasm which starts from mesothelial surfaces that is pleura (65%-70%), peritoneum (30%), tunica vaginalis testis, and pericardium (1%-2%).
The common mesothelioma symptoms include the following:
- Dry coughing
- Shortness of breath
- Respiratory complications
- Pain in the chest or abdomen
- Fever or night sweats
- Pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs)
- Weakness in the muscles
What Causes Malignant Mesothelioma?
Asbestos remains the primary cause of malignant mesothelioma.Some of the genes in our body control how cells grow, multiply and die. Changes in our genes may cause cells to divide out of control and may lead to cancer.
Development of Mesothelioma
- A person inhales or swallows airborne asbestos fibers.
- The asbestos fibers become lodged in the lining of the lungs, abdomen or heart.
- The embedded fibers damage the mesothelial cells and cause inflammation.
Over time, tumors begin to form on the damaged mesothelium.
Common Questions About Mesothelioma
- How Long Do Malignant Mesothelioma Patients Live?
- The life expectancy for most patients is about 12 months after diagnosis although survival rates differ from different individuals
- What Factors Affect Prognosis?
- Stage and cell type of the cancer are the factors that most affect prognosis. Age, gender and patient’s asbestos exposure history also affect survival outlook.
- How Can Patients Improve Their Prognosis?
- Eating a nutrient-rich diet, undergoing cancer treatments, including multimodal therapy, and staying healthy can improve prognosis.
Importance of Finding a Malignant Mesothelioma Specialist
Malignant Mesothelioma is a rare cancer which is caused due to the ingestion or exposure to asbestos fibers and It represents only 0.3 percent of all cancer diagnoses. Most doctors and oncologists have never encountered it.
A 2009 study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine states that cancer care “requires the technical knowledge and skills of specialty physicians such as medical oncologists, surgeons and radiation oncologists.”
Specialty cancer doctors establish:
- Goals for treatment and prognosis
- Possible use of chemotherapy
- First type of treatment
- Possible participation in clinical trials
These are factors that impact a malignant mesothelioma patient’s survival. That’s why finding a mesothelioma specialist is so important.
Malignant Mesothelioma Treatment
There are various types for the treatment of malignant mesothelioma but among these are mesothelioma chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical resection.